Diane Malcolm, from Canada, was formerly Head of the English Unit at Arabian Gulf University, Bahrain, where she taught English to first year medical students for many years and established a self-access centre. She has a Doctor of Applied Linguistics degree from Macquarie University, Sydney, and has also taught ESL/EFL in Canada, Portugal and Saudi Arabia. Her publications concern learner autonomy, learner motivation, identity, self-access learning and academic reading strategies and beliefs.